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Le Royaume Oublié - El reino olvidado
Le Royaume Oublié - El reino olvidado.
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Le Royaume Oublié - El reino olvidado

  • ISBN: 25440
  • Editorial: Alia Vox (Son Jade)
  • Colección: Raíces & Memoria
  • Encuadernación: Cartoné
  • Formato: 14,5x19,5
  • Páginas: 560
  • Idiomas: Cast / Cat / Ing / Franc / It
  • Tipo: LIBRO-DISCO (incluye CD)

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Contiene CD

Le Royaume Oublié. La croisade contre les albigeois. La tragédie Cathare / El Reino Olvidado. La Cruzada contra los albigenses y la tragedia cátara

En El reino olvidado, quinta entrega de la lujosa y muy documentada serie de libro-discos de Alia Vox, Jordi Savall y Hespèrion XXI recrean con su privilegiado toque musical el cruento episodio de la cruzada contra los albigenses, que supuso el fin de Occitania -un universo refinado y plural en el que cohabitaron culturas como la de Al Andalus o Bizancio- prestigiando el repertorio trovadoresco del siglo XIII. A través de los textos y músicas de este fascinante documento Savall nos abre las puertas de uno de los momentos históricos y musicales más notables del mundo occidental.
Textos de:

- Jordi Savall
- Pilar Jiménez Sánchez
- Manuel Forcano
- Anne Brenon
- Francesco Zambon
- Martín Alvira Cabrer
- David Renaker
- Sergi Grau Torras
- Antoni Dalmau

CONTENIDO DEL CD:

CD 1

Primera Parte
Aparición y difusión del catarismo: Oriente y Occidente (950-1099)

950 Origins: The Bogomils
1 Musique Bulgare – Taksim & Dance
1000 From the East to Europe
2 Veri dulcis in tempore – Anonymous, Codex of 1010
1022 The first heretics are burned at the stake at Orléans and Turin.
3 Plainte Instrumentale I (Drums & Duduk)
1040 Occitania gives refuge to the Jews who are forced to flee Al-Andalus.
4 Les Trois Principes, alef, mem, shin
Cabbalistic text from the Book of Creation
1049 The Council of Reims condemns the heretics.
5 Reis glorios Instrumental (Drums, Bells, Medieval harp)
6 Paire sant – Text recited in Occitan
1054 Schism between Rome and Constantinople.
7 En to stavro pares tosa –Anonymous Byzantine chant
1099 8 First Crusade in the Holy Land. Conquest of the southern part of Jerusalem by the Provençal troops
Fanfare de Croisade (instr.)

II The Rise of Occitania: 1100-1159
1100 9 Occitania, the Christian mirror of Al-Andalus.
Taksim & Andalusi Dance Mawachah Chamoulo – Anonymous
1111 10 The Bogomil dignitary Basil is burned at the stake at Constantinople.
Instrumental lament II (Duduk & Kaval)
1117 The Time of the Troubadours and “fin’amor”
11 Pos de chantar, Cançon– Guilhem de Peitieu
1142 Eleanor of Aquitaine divorces Louis VII.
12 A chantar m’er de so – Countess (Beatritz) of Dia
1143 Letter from Eberwin of Steinfeld to Bernard of Clairvaux
13 Epistola ad patrem Bernardum – Recited text
1157 Death of Raimon Berenguer IV. (Council of Reims against heresy)
14 Mentem meam ledit dolor – Anonymous

III The expansion of Catharism: 1160-1204
1163 Eckbert of Schönau “invents” the term “Catari” to refer to the heretics
of the Rhineland. Heretics are burned at the stake at Bonn, Cologne and Mainz.
15 Ave generosa (instrumental) – Hildegarde von Bingen
1167 Cathar Council at Saint Félix (Lauraguais)
16 Consolament (Cathar prayer) – Recited and sung text
Mass burning of the Cathars of Burgundy at Vézelay
17 Funeral march (Drums)
1178 Henry de Marsiac, Abbot of Clairvaux and Papal Legate,
preaches against the Cathars in the Toulouse and Albi regions.
18 Heu miser (instr.)
1196 Peter I of Catalonia and II of Aragon
19 A per pauc de chantar – Peire Vidal
1198 20 Innocent III is Pope (1198-1216). Bells
“Publicains” are burned at Troyes. Drums
1204 Guilhabert of Castres ordains Esclarmonde of Foix at Fanjeaux.
21 Chant de la Sybille Occitaine “Ell jorn del judizi” – Anonymous

CD 2

Segunda Parte
Cruzada contra los albigenses - Invasión de Occitania (1204-1208)

IV Heading for confrontation: 1204-1208
1204 Instrumental reveille
1 Fanfare (Treble shawm)
1204 Disputation of Carcassonne between Cathars and Cistercian
legates, presided over by Peter I.
2 Ego enim scio… – Recited text
3 Quant ai lo mon consirat – Anonymous
1207 Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse, is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.
4 Mot era dous e plazens – Giraut de Bornelh
1208 The assassination of the Papal Legate, Pierre de Castelnau.
5 E l’abas de Cistels. Vers. 4 –William of Tudela
10.03.1208 Innocent III proclaims the first Crusade in Christian lands
against the Albigensians.
6 Nous exhortons – Recited text
Preparations for the Crusade
7 Cant l’apostolis saub. Vers 5 –William of Tudela

V The Albigensian Crusade: 1209-1229.
1209 Beginning of the Crusade
8 Fanfares and battle calls (instrumental)
22.07.1209 Siege and massacre of Béziers (20,000 killed)
9 Le barnatges de Fransa. Vers 21 – William of Tudela
10.11.09 Planh. Lament for the death of Raymond Roger of Trencavel.
10 Quascus plor e planh – GuilhemAugier Novella / Girautde Bornelh
1211 Siege and Massacre of Lavaur. Martyrdom of Lady Guiraude.
400 Cathars are burned at the stake.
11 Lavaurs fon tan fortz vila. Vers 68 –William of Tudela
1211 Chronicle
12 Cruciferi ex precepto… –Recited text
01.02.2013 Sirventès asking Peter I the Catholic to honour his promise
to assist Raymond VI of Toulouse.
13 Vai, Hugonet, ses bistensa – Raimon de Miraval
09.1213 Chanson addressed to Peter II of Aragon
14 Bel m’es qu’ieu chant e coindei – Raimon de Miraval
10.1213 Defeat at the Battle of Muret and Death of Peter I, the Catholic.
15 Aissi cum es genser Pascors – Raimon de Miraval
25.06.1218 Death of Simon de Montfort
16 L’Epictafi de S. de Montfort. Vers 208 – Anonymous Chanson
06.08.1228 Siege of Toulouse and end of the Crusade.
17 D’un sirventes far – Guilhem Figueira

CD 3

Tercera Parte
Persecución, diáspora y fin del catarismo (1229 – 1463)

VI The Inquisition: persecution of the Cathars and the elimination of Catharism 1230-1300.
11.1229 Council of Toulouse
1233 Pope Gregory IX creates the Inquisition to repress heresy.
1 Fanfare (instrumental)
Sirventès against the false clerics (priests)
2 Clergue si fan pastor – Peire Cardenal
1244 Revolt, capitulation and execution of 225 Cathars at the stake at Montségur
3 Instrumental lament (Duduk & Kaval)
1252 Legalisation of torture in the Papal Bull Ad exstirpanda.
4 Ad exstirpanda – Recited text
Sirventès reproaching God at the Last Judgment.
5 Un sirventes novel vueill comensar – Peire Cardenal
1268 Victory of the Guelphs over the Gibelins
6 Beliche (Stampitta)
Sirventès against the Inquisitors
7 Del tot vey remaner valor – Guilhem Montanhagol
1276 Capitulation of Sirmione
8 Planctus “Lavandose le mane” (instrumental) mss.Rossi
1278 200 Cathars are burned at the stake in the Arena of Verona.
9 Pater Noster – Cathar prayer
1300 Revolt at Carcassonne against the excesses of the Inquisition. Sirventès against the clerics, the Dominican preachers and the French.
10 Tartarassa ni voutor – Peire Cardenal

VII Diaspora to Catalonia and the end of the Eastern Cathars 1309-1453
1305 Apocalypse according to the Cathar Gospel of Pseudo-John V, 4
11 Audi pontus, audi tellus – Anonymous (Las Huelgas)
1306 Philip IV expels the Jews from France.
12 El Rey de Francia – Anonymous (Sephardic)
1306 Preaching of Pèire Autier
13 Il n’est pas étonnant… – Recited text
1309 Jacme and GuilhemAutier and other Cathars are burned at the stake.
14 Marche funèbre (Drum)
1315 Guilhem Bélibaste goes into exile in Catalonia.
15 No puesc sofrir la dolor (instr.) Giraut de Borneill
1321 Guilhem Bélibaste, the last known Cathar “perfect” in Occitania, dies at the stake at Villerouge-Termenès.
16 Instrumental lament III (Duduk and drum)
1327 Alfonso III, King of Aragon and Catalonia.
17 Audi, bénigne – Anonymous/Dufay
1337 The Hundred YearsWar between France and England.
18 Ballade de la Pucelle
15th century lyrics, version by Jordi Savall after an ancient melody
30.05.1431 Jeanne “la Pucelle”, the Maid of Orleans, is burned at the stake (aged 19 years).
19 O crudele suplicium. Planctus –
Jordi Savall after an anonymous 15th century melody
1453 Constantinople falls to the Ottomans.
20 Taksim & Makam-i Saba usules Çenber
1463 The End of Eastern Catharism (Constantinople 1453 and Bosnia 1463)
21 Instrumental lament IV (Kaval, bells & drums)
Lamentatio Sanctæ Matris Eclesiæ Constantinopolitanæ
22 O très piteulx de tout espoir fontaine – Guillaume Dufay
A Homage to the “Good Men”
23 Si ay perdut mon saber – Ponç d’Ortafà / J. Savall

Intérpretes

Montserrat Figueras, canto
Pascal Bertin, canto
Lluís Vilamajó, canto
Marc Mauillon, canto
Furio Zanasi, canto
Gaguik Mouradian, kemancha
Nedyalko Nedyalkov, kaval
Driss El Maloumi, oúd
Kudsi Erguner, ney
Hakan Güngör, kanun
Fahrettin Yarkin, percusión

Hespèrion XXI
La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Jordi Savall, director


3 CD (SACD) + LIBRO (560 páginas en francés, inglés, occitano, castellanó, catalán, alemán e italiano) - SACD / Hybrid Multichannel Stereo / DSD - 3h 50'

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